Wilma Baca, “New Wheat”, is a full blooded
Native American Indian. She was born into the Pueblo of the Jemez in
1967. Wilma was inspired to make pottery by her grandmother, Marie Reyes
Shendo. Marie taught Wilma all the fundamentals of constructing pottery
using ancient methods passed down to her from her ancestors. Wilma experimented
with clay at the age of 5. She hand coils small bowls and outdoor ovens,
and has continued to enjoy working with clay.
Wilma specializes in the natural hand coiled and etched Jemez pottery.
Wilma gathers her clay from the grounds within the Jemez Pueblo. Then,
she soaks the clay, grinds the clay, sifts, mixes, hand coils, shapes,
paints, etches her pottery, and finally, fires her pottery outdoors
using the wood chip firing method. She has been etching on pottery since
1989, and she does all the etching free hand. She doesn’t use
templates at all. Her favorite pottery piece to coil is the wedding
vase, because of its meaning: “The spouts representing two separate
lives, the bridge at the top part unites these separate lives as one.”
Wilma signs her pottery as: Wilma L. Baca, followed by the corn sign.
Wilma is also related to the following artists: Carol Vigil, Imagene
Shendo (cousins) and Mildred Shendo.
-2000 New Mexico State Fair 1st Place
-Southern Pueblo Pottery 2,000 Artist Biographies